Constancia Project, Cusco, Peru
Between 2009 and 2013, SCG designed, negotiated and implemented the physical and economic resettlement of 36 families from the Chilloroya farming village, located in the Livitaca district, in the Chumbivilicas province of Cusco. These families were living on a 700 hectares area of land which was acquired by the Constancia Project for mine development.
As stipulated in the community land purchase agreement, the resettlement was negotiated on a case by case basis with each family. However, in order to ensure the community stayed integrated, each family was given a plot of agricultural land of a similar size to their original land within a large plot of land in the neighboring Coporaque district, situated an hour away from the Chilloroya community, close to the city of Espinar. A highway connects the community with both the land and the city. In order to maintain the resettled families’ original land owner status, this land was given to the Chilloroya community.
The compensation packet included housing, infrastructure for storing water and irrigation, buildings and machinery for agriculture and livestock farming. Furthermore, money was provided to invest in education, enterprises and other aspects prioritized by the different families.
At the request of some families, infrastructure compensations could be exchanged for cash compensations. This was only allowed when families were able to show that they already had housing, land and/or enterprises that ensured them an adequate level of security, independent from the compensations proposed by the project. The majority of families affected opted for their houses to be resettled in the urban part of Chilloroya, where the community had land that they had previously divided into plots for housing and shared among their members.
The negotiation process was flexible, to ensure that the specific expectations of each family were met, whilst at the same time maintaining their social networks and integration with the rest of the community.